Flower Sizeto 3" [to 7.5 cm] The Journal of the Orchid Society of India 21: 35-49. This is the State flower of Sikkim. ... Sikkim for developing local capacities to implement developmental activities by the local communities and EDCs & Lee, J. George King and Robert Pantling described the colouration of flower in detail and I was looking for a perfect match from various locations. Dendrobium nobile Lindl. The same cycle is used every year. Sikkim boasts around 5,000 flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primulas species, 36 rhododendrons species, 11 oaks varieties, 23 bamboos varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 424 medicinal plants. The state has diverse geography due to its location in the Himalayas. Flowers in short racemes from the nodes of leafy as well leafless stems, number various between 1 and 5, each 3 to 5 cm across. Sending photos of Dendrobium nobile. On high altitudes (above 3800 ft) the flowers are found to be more purplish and at very low altitudes (in the hot valleys of River Teesta) they were more towards a paler shade. [citation needed], Extract of the stems of Dendrobium nobile yielded 17 phenanthrenes (including 3,4,8-trimethoxyphenanthrene-2,5-diol, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyphenanthrene, 3-hydroxy-2,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2-hydroxy-4,7-dimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3',4,4',7,7'-hexamethoxy-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-1,1'-biphenanthrene and 2,3,5-trihydroxy-4,9-dimethoxyphenanthrene). Literacy Rate: 81.4% (2006). This species is a prime example of variations caused due to altitude difference. The plant here flowering near Gangtok in Sikkim shows the natural growth habit. Abstract. - efloraofindia | Google Groups Orchidaceae fortnight .. Dendrobium nobile from Darjeeling : MN-8: 3 images. As per their noting,“the sepals and petals are always purple shading off into a white base”. Winter Narratives by Naresh Swami – Winter in the foothills. Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. Examples of the species are grown in Kew Gardens Tropical Nursery in London and seeds are stored in the Millennium Seed Bank there. Hence, I decided to find the species from an intermediate altitude of 1800 to 2600 ft. Botanical Name: Dendrobium nobileLindl. (Sikkim, Himalaya) Zadong, 5182m above sea level. Lucksom, S.Z. The plant grows long upright pseudobulbs during the warm wet summer months. Lip broadly ovate-oblong, hairy inside, the apex slightly and mucronate. Petals broader than the sepals, elliptic. [10] It is the state flower of Sikkim respectively. (2012). Km. When the life cycle of the mother plant ends it produces little offsets by continuing the life of the plant. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter … We both climbed up to examine those flowers and to my surprise found that the colouration is exactly the same as described by the pioneers of orchids around 120 years ago. ... Dendrobium nobile. It is also one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, known as shí hú (Chinese: 石斛) or shí hú lán (Chinese: 石斛兰). It seems the authors also collected the species from around the same altitude for their monumental work. Sepals and petals are purple turning white at the base; lip with a deep purple blotch surrounded with white flushed with pale yellow and a purple mucro. The striking Dendrobium nobile is the state flower of Sikkim, and has the distinctive long thin jointed stems (referred to as canes) of many members of the genus Dendrobium. [75] Orchids, figs , laurel , bananas , sal trees and bamboo grow in the Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests of the lower altitudes of Sikkim. Place : Darjeeling. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell. It produces short, 2 to 4 flowered racemes, fragrant, waxy, and highly variable in color, arising from the upper nodes of leafed and leafless canes. This is a medium sized, cool to hot growing terrestrial or lithophytic species from the Chinese Himalayas, Assam, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam that is found in broadleaf, evergreen, lowland forests and primary montane forests as well as on mossy limestone rocks at … With that intention I visited several locations for this species, to find the exact colouration of flowers as described by the great authors. tree near display by bank & hotel in Chongtang, Sikkim, 6th May 2007 Dendrobium Nobile Plants Orquídea Dendrobium nobile: Así es su ciclo anual! Even though I found a lot of them in bloom in some homes, I decided to find a few plants from its natural habitat itself. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale. [11][12] There have been many studies on the complex chemistry of the plant. Its altitude varies from about 500 feet (150 m) where the Teesta River valley enters India to over 6000 m at the top of several of its snow-bound mountain peaks. (2007). Hal penting untuk kamu ketahui saat kamu menjumpai masa … An updated enumeration of the family Orchidaceae from Bangladesh. Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. Oncidianae. This seedling is monocot that is it forms only a single initial leaf, and the plant has thin white roots which attach themselves to another plant or object, making it an epiphytic plant. Photo by Dale and Deni Borders. The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. Disebut juga Noble Dendrobium atau Den–Nobile dan dikenal sebagai anggrek jenis peluruh.Anggrek Dendrobium nobile akan menggugurkan bunganya saat menjumpai akhir tahun, atau tepat ketika musim dingin.. Di daerah tropis, Anggrek Nobile akan mulai meranggas saat bulan Desember hingga Februari. When the life cycle of the mother plant ends it produces offsets, continuing the life of the plant. Its blooms are variegated in colour, shading from white through pink and purple, and the many different cultivated varieties produce different sized and coloured blooms. সময় অঞ্চল: IST (ইউটিসি+05:30): আইএসও ৩১৬৬ কোড: IN-SK: HDI: 0.716 (High)HDI rank: 10th (2017) Literacy: 82.6% (13th) ওয়েবসাইট A brief note on the physical features of Sikkim Sikkim is a small hilly State in the Eastern Himalayas with formidable physical features. ... State Flower : Dendrobium nobile. Dendrobium nobile was not described until 1830, yet has become possibly the most well-known of all dendrobiums, due to its popularity as an ornamental. Dendrobium nobile alba. In Arunachal Pradesh (the extreme North Eastern state of India) we have seen the species growing on trees and on rocks as well as fallen plants used to adorn Buddhist temples and gompas. Some Interesting Facts. Learn how and when to remove this template message, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyphenanthrene, 3-hydroxy-2,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2-hydroxy-4,7-dimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3',4,4',7,7'-hexamethoxy-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-1,1'-biphenanthrene, 2,3,5-trihydroxy-4,9-dimethoxyphenanthrene, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dendrobium_nobile&oldid=995400104, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from April 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, National orchid societies which give advice about the cultivation of, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 20:53. As usual when in plenty, it will be very difficult to find a perfect one to photograph. Dendrobium nobile blooms across the mountain trees. Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Hidden colour patterns. Epiphyte. Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Flower opening patterns. Ackerman, J.D. To MOSTLY. SIKKIM. Other. Dendrobium nobile var. Dendrobium Nobile (Nobile Orchid) State Tree: Rhododendron Niveum: Population: 6,10,577: Density of Population: 86 Persons per Sq. Dendrobium nobile is sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs. Huda, M.K. Photo by Jay Pfahl. Singing the songs of love and tranquility, Blood pheasant rests in these trees. Nobile Orchid (Dendrobium nobile ) State Tree R.arboreum ( campbellii) State Bird Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus State Animal Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) 1. Fauna The woods provide a favorable abode to the wide-ranging fauna of Sikkim. I searched for four days in a new location at 2200 ft for this species in vain. However, in most of the cases the description about its sepals and petals was never matched. The new plant then goes through the same cycle. Dendrobium nobile is native to Southeast Asia: Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, north-east India, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and much of southern China. The inflorescence is erect; during the flowering period blooms form along the length of the flowering stem. Dendrobium nobile is an epiphytic or lithophytic plant native to southern China (including Tibet), the Himalayas (India, Bangladesh, Assam, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan), and Indochina (Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam). Most of the stems were with full bloom flowers. Both sepals and petals many veined. Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. Epiphyte. The leaves are bright green, strap-shaped and slightly leathery, borne alternately at nodes along most of the length of the stem. In those areas the trees are often with many branches which enable easy climbing. The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Family:Orchidaceae. The Noble Dendrobium is the official flower of Sikkim, while the rhododendron is the state tree. Another Clone. Discovering naturalized orchids in Hawaii. … It is also one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, known as shí hú (Chinese: 石斛) or shí hú lán (Chinese: 石斛兰). Dendrobium nobile, Gastrodia elata, Bletilla striata, etc., are used in Chinese medicines. Sepals sub-equal, the dorsal oblong-elliptic, the lateral oblong. (below) Dendrobium nobile is the official flower of Sikkim. Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. species - Himalayas, Assam, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China. Epiphyte. Flowers in short racemes from the nodes of leafy as well leafless stems, number various between 1 and 5, each 3 to 5 cm across. Once a common species of the tropical valleys, collected in large numbers for commercial purposes made it very scarce in its natural habitats. Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246. The fragrant, waxy flowers are 5-7 cm in diameter and are variable in colour. Winter Narratives by Naresh Swami – The white blanket. The keen ones amongst us rose at the crack of dawn the next morning to take photos and, hopefully, see Mount Narsing. [citation needed], Dendrobium nobile is a sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs. Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India. S.Z.Lucksom, India. Like the evening before, the distant hills were shrouded in mist, so no sign of the mountain. A.R.G. Dendrobium nobile Lindley 1830 SECTION Dendrobium. Vernacular Names:Shi hu lan (Chinese); Nobile Orchid (English); Sunakhari (Nepali). The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the native orchid Dendrobium nobile was taken into consideration to Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Solitary flower. Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. I decided to look for this species in other locations also. The flowers of Dendrobium nobile are pale to deep purple-pink with a characteristic dark velvety centre. alboluteumHuyen & Aver. Dendrobium nobile. Is it Dendrobium nobile? Dendrobium nobile in SikkimThe species is found across a wide range in the Himalayas through to South East Asia. Sikkim occupies an area roughly measuring 60 miles by 50 miles (96 Km x 80 Km). Dendrobium nobile occurs in lowland and mountain forests, often on mossy limestone rocks. Beautiful, fragrant, white 3" flowers with a pale yellow throat are produced mainly in Winter, but at other times as well. Its blooms are variegat… Beautiful, fragrant, white 3" flowers with a pale yellow throat are produced mainly in Winter, but at other times as well. [3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The species is also reportedly naturalized in Hawaii. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter and spring, at a time when little else is in flower. Common NameThe Noble Dendrobium - In Thailand Ueang Khao Kiu - In China Shi Hu. The work I undertook was first of its kind from the region and I wanted it to produce better results. State Flower:Noble Orchid. Dendrobium nobile is an epiphytic or lithophytic plant native to southern China (including Tibet ), the Himalayas ( India, Bangladesh, Assam, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan ), and Indochina ( Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam ). The state has identified Dendrobium Nobile as the state flower, rhododendron as the state tree, red panda as the state animal and Blood Pheasant as the state bird. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter and spring, at a time when little else is in flower. Orchids; the Magazine of the American Orchid Society 81: 88-93. (2012). species - Himalayas, Assam, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China. They are also widespread in the north of Thailand at altitudes from 600 to 1500 m. © Franz Xaver | CC BY-SA 3.0 Etymology:The generic name, Dendrobiumis derived from the Latin words ‘dendros’ meaning ‘tree’ and ‘bios’ meaning ‘life’ [living on a tree] in reference to its epiphytic habit, and the specific epithet, ‘nobile’is also derived from … Under alpine-affected regions, juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons are quite common that happen to come across between the altitudes of 3,500 to 5 000 m. The official flower of Sikkim is Orchid Dendrobium Nobile. Dendrobium nobile sárga Dendrobium nobile - Wikipedi . The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. Even though many species survive on a wide range of altitudes, all of them got their own perfect habitats. Sir. Its occurrence stretches from Mussorie in the Garhwal region of northern India, through Nepal, Sikkim and the Lushai Hills region of Northeast India, Chin Hills in Myanmar, the mountains of northern and western Thailand, and in Vietnam areas near Laos, Dalat, Blao and Langton and in the Yunnan Province in south-eastern … Grow under warm conditions (65-85 degrees night to day) with regular watering and fertilizing UNTIL the onset of Winter. Dendrobium nobile alba. (2009). [2] ... Gangrene in North Sikkim Root and tuberThe tuber is used in burning sensation Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex.